Relation of electrolytes to blood pressure in men. The Yi people study.
The relations of sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium to blood pressure were investigated in four groups of men (119 high-mountain Yi farmers, 114 mountainside Yi farmers, 89 Yi migrants, and 97 Han people) with a wide range of electrolyte intake in Puge County, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China. Electrolytes were measured in diet, serum, and urine. Sodium excretion was 73.9 mmol/24 hr in high-mountain Yi farmers, 117.9 mmol/24 hr in mountainside Yi farmers, 159.4 mmol/24 hr in Yi migrants, and 186.0 mmol/24 hr in the Han people. In ecological correlation analysis, dietary and urinary sodium were significantly and positively correlated with both systolic and diastolic pressure, whereas serum sodium showed no relation with blood pressure. In diet, serum, and urine, potassium was negatively related to systolic and diastolic pressure, whereas the sodium/potassium ratio showed a positive association. With regard to calcium, only urinary excretion was significantly and positively related to blood pressure. No relation was found between magnesium and blood pressure. Analyses at the individual level confirmed the results for sodium and potassium seen at the ecological level, but in addition, dietary calcium and magnesium were significantly and negatively correlated to both systolic and diastolic pressure, and urinary magnesium was inversely related to diastolic pressure. These relations persisted after controlling for age, body mass index (kg/m2), heart rate, alcohol, and total energy intake in multiple regression analysis performed separately for electrolytes in diet, serum, and urine. In multiple regression analysis, an increase in sodium intake of 100 mmol/day corresponded to an increase of 2.3 mm Hg systolic blood pressure and 1/8 mm Hg diastolic pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association