Relation of obesity and diet to sympathetic nervous system activity.
The hypothesis that dietary intake and obesity stimulate the sympathetic nervous system was investigated in a cross-sectional study of 572 men aged 43-85 years from the Normative Aging Study. Habitus was represented by body mass index, as a measure of overall adiposity, and by the ratio of abdomen-to-hip circumference (abdomen/hip ratio), as a measure of centripetal fat distribution. Sympathetic activity was assessed by measurement of 24-hour urinary norepinephrine excretion. Increased body mass index and total caloric intake were independently associated with increased 24-hour urinary norepinephrine excretion (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.0055, respectively). In addition, mean urinary norepinephrine excretion was higher in subjects classified as either hyperglycemic (serum fasting glucose greater than or equal to 113 mg/dl) and hyperinsulinemic (serum fasting insulin greater than or equal to 19 microIU/ml) (p = 0.0023) or in subjects classified as either hyperglycemic or hyperinsulinemic (p = 0.0063) than the mean urinary norepinephrine excretion in normal subjects. These relations were demonstrated to be independent of age, smoking status, and physical activity. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that insulin mediates sympathetic stimulation in response to dietary intake and increases sympathetic nervous system activity in the obese.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association