Role of endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide in regulating sodium excretion in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Effects of neutral endopeptidase inhibition.
To explore whether pathophysiological plasma levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) actually involve sodium excretion in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), we examined the in vivo and ex vivo effects of ANP and an endopeptidase inhibitor, thiorphan, on urinary sodium excretion and the elimination rate of ANP. We found the following: 1) The basal plasma ANP level was higher in 16-week-old SHR than in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (109 +/- 10 [SEM] versus 63 +/- 4 pg/ml, p less than 0.001). Thiorphan (30 mg/kg i.v.) significantly increased plasma ANP by 60% in both SHR and WKY rats. However, increases in urinary sodium excretion (+290% versus +130%, p less than 0.05) and cyclic GMP (+160% versus +60%, p less than 0.05) were greater in SHR than in WKY rats. Urinary excretion of ANP was markedly increased by thiorphan, and its increase was greater in SHR than in WKY rats. 2) The thiorphan-induced natriuresis was substantially attenuated by antiserum for ANP but not by a bradykinin receptor antagonist. 3) Isolated SHR kidneys excreted 50% less sodium than WKY rat kidneys at perfusion pressures of 100 and 160 mm Hg (p less than 0.05). Urinary sodium excretion was increased at the perfusate ANP level of 100 pg/ml, a concentration similar to the SHR plasma ANP (+70% at 160 mm Hg). 4) After bolus administration of ANP to the isolated kidney, the ANP concentration of the recirculating perfusate decreased rapidly in a log-linear fashion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association