Antihypertensive action of medullipin I given by mouth.
Perfusion of normal rat kidneys with 5% human albumin in a balanced salt solution bubbled with oxygen yielded medullipin I (Med I) in the renal venous effluent. The presence of Med I in the renal venous effluent has been established by thin-layer chromatography, by the type of vasodepressor effect when injected intravenously as a bolus into the hypertensive rat, by inhibition of the vasodepressor effect of the renal venous effluent by Tween 20 and SKF 525A (proadifen, inhibitor of cytochrome P-450), and by removal of the liver from the circulation (a procedure that inhibits extracted Med I). Med I so derived lowered blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats when injected into the stomach by an indwelling tube or when given by mouth. The lowering of blood pressure was attended by no change in cardiac output and no change in heart rate. Med I given by mouth to the spontaneously hypertensive rat is a vasodilator that suppresses sympathetic tone, acting in the same way as Med I extracted from renal papillae and given intravenously. Importantly, the antihypertensive action was demonstrated in the spontaneously hypertensive rat, a model of hypertension considered to mimic idiopathic or essential hypertension of humans. Med I is a promising therapeutic agent for hypertension.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association