Subtype 2 angiotensin receptors mediate prostaglandin synthesis in human astrocytes.
We have identified two distinct cellular responses that occur in human astrocytes in the presence of angiotensin (Ang) peptides and are linked to specific receptor subtypes. Ang II and the N-terminal heptapeptide Ang-(1-7) stimulated release of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and PGI2 (measured as the stable metabolite 6-keto-PGF1 alpha). In contrast, only Ang II but not Ang-(1-7) activated phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C, leading to mobilization of intracellular calcium. The Ang II-induced PGE2 and PGI2 syntheses were attenuated by [Sar1,Ile8]Ang II but not by [Sar1,Thr8]Ang II. Ang-(1-7)-induced PGE2 and PGI2 syntheses were not inhibited by either of these two classical antagonists. DuP 753, a subtype 1-selective Ang receptor antagonist, blocked the Ang II-induced release of PGE2 but not PGI2. In contrast, CGP 42112A, the subtype 2-selective antagonist, totally blocked the Ang II-induced PGI2 release and partially attenuated the PGE2 release. Ang-(1-7)-induced PGE2 and PGI2 release was not altered by DuP 753; however, CGP 42112A totally blocked the effects of Ang-(1-7) on PG stimulation. Calcium mobilization in response to Ang II was blocked by [Sar1,Thr8]Ang II, [Sar1,Ile8]Ang II, and DuP 753 but not by CGP 42112A. These data suggest that human astrocytes contain both Ang receptor subtypes. The subtype 1 Ang receptor participates both in the release of PGs and in the mobilization of calcium, whereas the subtype 2 receptor is coupled to the release of PGs only. In addition, PG release coupled to subtype 2 Ang II receptors occurs through a calcium-independent mechanism and responds uniquely to Ang-(1-7).
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association