Functional interactions between angiotensin II and substance P in the dorsal medulla.
Low doses of either angiotensin (Ang) II or substance P (SP) microinjected into the medial nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) produce hypotension and bradycardia, mimicking activation of the baroreceptor reflex. Anatomical evidence suggests that Ang II binding sites in the medial NTS are located presynaptically on vagal afferent fibers that may contain SP and are codistributed with SP binding sites located postsynaptically on intrinsic medial NTS neurons. To evaluate whether the similar cardiovascular effects of Ang II and SP in the medial NTS could involve Ang II-evoked release of SP, we compared the effects of these peptides on the spontaneous activity of medial NTS neurons recorded in vitro and determined whether Ang II evoked release of SP from rat medulla slices. Both Ang II and SP (1 microM in artificial cerebrospinal fluid) excited 11 of 40 medial NTS neurons. In these cells, the peak response latency was significantly longer to Ang II than to SP (59.5 +/- 4.7 versus 26.5 +/- 2.4 seconds, p less than 0.0001). When rat medulla slices were perfused with Ang II (2 microM in Krebs' bicarbonate), release of SP immunoreactivity was increased by 400% over control perfusion with Krebs' solution alone (p less than 0.05). We have provided the first evidence for an excitatory action of Ang II on neurons in the NTS of the rat and for excitation by both Ang II and SP of a subset of neurons in the medial NTS. Moreover, we have shown for the first time that Ang II can stimulate the release of SP immunoreactivity from the brain.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association