Ro 42-5892 is a potent orally active renin inhibitor in primates.
The goal of the present study was to characterize the new renin inhibitor Ro 42-5892 in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, Ro 42-5892 inhibited purified human renin and human plasma renin specifically with an IC50 of 0.7 nM and 0.8 nM, respectively. In vivo, Ro 42-5892 reduced mean arterial blood pressure in sodium-depleted marmosets and squirrel monkeys with as low a dose as 0.1 mg/kg orally. Higher doses reduced pressure by 30-35 mm Hg in both species. The duration of blood pressure decrease with 3 mg/kg orally was more than 24 hours. Maximal changes of plasma renin activity, immunoreactive angiotensin I, and immunoreactive angiotensin II were observed at 15 minutes. Renin was reduced by 74 +/- 31%, angiotensin I by 85 +/- 14%, angiotensin II by 89 +/- 17%, and immunoreactive active renin was increased by 70 +/- 39%. However, unlike pressure, these maximal effects were only transient with complete recovery of renin at 60 minutes under still reduced levels of angiotensin I (61 +/- 24%) and angiotensin II (71 +/- 38%) and increased concentrations of active renin (86 +/- 30%). The blood pressure lowering was due to specific renin inhibition as exemplified by the influence of the kidney, sodium status, species, or stereoselectivity. Moreover, the reduction of arterial blood pressure was similar to the action of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor cilazapril and was not associated with reflex tachycardia in contrast to the pure vasodilator minoxidil. We conclude that Ro 42-5892 is a potent orally active renin inhibitor acting mainly by inhibition of renin in an extraplasmatic compartment.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association