Prolonged angiotensin II antagonism in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hemodynamic and biochemical consequences.
The present study examines the effects of prolonged angiotensin II antagonism in spontaneously hypertensive rats by using an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (DuP 753) that is devoid of agonistic properties and selective for the subtype 1 of the angiotensin II (AT1) receptor. The antihypertensive effects of DuP 753 and its effects on circulating parameters of the renin-angiotensin system were compared with those of a converting enzyme inhibitor (benazeprilat). To minimize any influence of differences in the pharmacokinetic properties of the two blockers, administration was by continuous intravenous infusion. The experiments were performed in conscious, freely moving rats with continuous 24-hour monitoring of blood pressure. DuP 753 (10 or 30 mg/kg/day) lowered mean arterial pressure to the same extent as benazeprilat (3 or 10 mg/kg/day) during a 48-hour period. The antihypertensive effect was sustained when the treatment was extended to 7 days (DuP 753, 10 mg/kg/day; benazeprilat, 3 mg/kg/day). Neither of the compounds affected the baseline or diurnal rhythm of heart rate. Plasma concentrations of renin and angiotensin II were increased sevenfold and 10-fold, respectively, in the rats treated with DuP 753. In rats treated with benazeprilat, plasma renin concentration increased threefold, whereas angiotensin II was unchanged. Heart weights were significantly reduced to a similar extent by DuP 753 and benazeprilat. Both compounds also induced a smaller but significant decrease in blood pressure in Wistar-Kyoto rats. Our results indicate that the antihypertensive effects of converting enzyme inhibitors in spontaneously hypertensive rats are mainly due to the blockade of the renin-angiotensin system. In this rat model, angiotensin II appears to play an important role in the maintenance of hypertension that is mediated via the AT1 receptor.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association