Deuterium oxide prevents hypertension and elevated cytosolic calcium in hypertensive rats.
Increased calcium uptake in vascular tissue, leading to elevated cytosolic free calcium, has been implicated in the pathophysiology of hypertension. This study examined the dose-dependent effect of deuterium oxide (5%, 10%, or 20% in drinking water) on systolic blood pressure, aortic calcium uptake, and platelet cytosolic free calcium in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Starting at age 8 weeks, spontaneously hypertensive rats were divided into four groups of six animals each. The drinking water of groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 was replaced by 100% water and 5%, 10%, and 20% deuterium oxide in water, respectively, for another 7 weeks. Ten Wistar-Kyoto rats, age 8 weeks, were given 100% water for the next 7 weeks. The usual increase in systolic blood pressure and the associated increase in aortic calcium uptake and platelet cytosolic free calcium in spontaneously hypertensive rats at age 15 weeks was lowered in a dose-dependent manner by deuterium oxide. Deuterium oxide also prevented renal vascular changes in spontaneously hypertensive rats. A minimum dose of 10% deuterium oxide was needed to completely prevent the development of hypertension, elevated aortic calcium uptake, platelet cytosolic free calcium, and renal vascular changes in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association