Angiotensin-(1-7): a new hormone of the angiotensin system.
We provide a new foundation for an alternative interpretation of the biochemical physiology of the brain and other tissue angiotensin systems on the basis of research done in our laboratory. This perspective is prompted by the discovery that angiotensin-(1-7) has cellular functions that differ from those established for angiotensin II. Although angiotensin-(1-7) is not an agonist in terms of activating vasoconstriction, stimulating thirst, or promoting aldosterone release, the heptapeptide caused neuronal excitation and vasopressin release with a potency similar to that found with angiotensin II. Furthermore, angiotensin-(1-7) enhances the production of prostanoids by a receptor-mediated event that causes no associated rise in intracellular Ca2+. These actions of angiotensin-(1-7) provide a new understanding of the heterogeneous functions of angiotensin peptides as modulators of a wide range of regulatory functions in mammals.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association