Abnormal renal hemodynamics in black salt-sensitive patients with hypertension.
African-Americans with essential hypertension are more prone to the development of renal failure and are frequently salt-sensitive as well. Because alterations of intrarenal hemodynamics are important in the progression of renal disease and because salt-sensitive animal models with hypertension manifest a greater propensity to develop glomerulosclerosis in association with a rise in glomerular capillary pressure, we tested whether the renal hemodynamic adaptation to high dietary Na+ intake differs in salt-sensitive and salt-resistant hypertensive patients. We studied 17 black and nine white patients with essential hypertension who were placed on a low Na+ diet (20 meq/day) for 9 days, followed by a high Na+ diet (200 meq/day) for 14 days. During the last 4 days of each diet regimen, they received 30 mg/day of slow-release nifedipine. Eleven blacks were salt-sensitive, and all whites were salt-resistant. During the low Na+ diet period, salt-sensitive and salt-resistant patients had similar mean arterial pressure, glomerular filtration rate, effective renal plasma flow, and filtration fraction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association