Sodium excretion and racial differences in ambulatory blood pressure patterns.
The influence of Na+ excretion and race on casual blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure patterns was examined in a biracial sample of healthy, normotensive children and adolescents (10-18 years; n = 140). The slopes relating 24-hour urinary Na+ excretion to systolic blood pressure were different for both black and white subjects for casual blood pressure (p less than 0.001) and blood pressure during sleep (p less than 0.03). For casual blood pressure, the slope was significant for black subjects (beta = 0.17; p less than 0.001) but not for white subjects. For blood pressure during sleep, the slope was again significant for black subjects (beta = 0.08; p less than 0.01) but not for white subjects. Na+ excretion was also related to awake levels of systolic blood pressure for black subjects (beta = 0.08, r = 0.36; p less than 0.01), although the slopes for both black and white subjects were not significantly different. Further analyses indicated the results were not due to racial differences in 24-hour urinary K+ excretion. However, plasma renin activity was marginally related to Na+ excretion in white subjects (r = 0.22; p less than 0.06) but not black subjects, a finding that is consistent with previous studies. Na+ excretion was not associated with diastolic blood pressure or heart rate in either group under any condition. The results of this study support research that has demonstrated a stronger relation between Na+ handling and casual blood pressure in black subjects and extend these findings to blood pressure while the subject is both awake and asleep.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association