Diminished phospholipase C activation by dopamine in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
It is reported that a defect in dopamine-1 (DA-1) receptor adenylate cyclase coupling in the proximal convoluted tubule in the spontaneously hypertensive rat may contribute to the diminished natriuretic response to DA-1 receptor agonists. Since the tubular DA-1 receptor is also coupled to phospholipase C, and both of these cellular signaling processes are involved in DA-1 receptor-mediated diuresis and natriuresis, it is important to know whether a similar defect is also present in DA-1 receptor-coupled phospholipase C pathway. The present study was therefore designed to determine the functional status of DA-1 receptor-phospholipase C coupling system of adult spontaneously hypertensive rats using a renal cortical slice preparation. In addition, the renal response to exogenously administered dopamine (1 microgram/kg/min i.v.) was also determined. We found that basal phospholipase C activity was significantly higher in hypertensive rats than in age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (7.36 +/- 0.32% versus 5.61 +/- 0.27%, p less than 0.05). However, compared with the normotensive controls, dopamine-induced increases in phospholipase C activity were significantly attenuated in the preparations of hypertensive rats in a concentration-dependent manner (13 +/- 6% versus 38 +/- 6% for 1 mM dopamine, p less than 0.05; 49 +/- 6% versus 71 +/- 9% for 3 mM dopamine, p less than 0.05; 50 +/- 16% versus 106 +/- 22%, p less than 0.05 for 10 mM dopamine).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association