Potentiation of inositol trisphosphate production by dexamethasone.
One of the mechanisms of glucocorticoid-induced hypertension has been thought to be the enhancement of vascular responsiveness to vasoconstrictors. In this regard, the effects of glucocorticoids on inositol trisphosphate production in vascular smooth muscle cells were studied. Angiotensin II and arginine vasopressin transiently increased inositol trisphosphate formation in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment with dexamethasone for 48 hours shifted the dose-response trisphosphate curves of angiotensin II- and arginine vasopressin-induced inositol trisphosphate production to the left, that is, it significantly reduced the half-maximal effective concentrations of angiotensin II (from 25 nM to 5 nM) and arginine vasopressin (from 50 nM to 25 nM). These effects of dexamethasone required a minimum of 12 hours of incubation; maximum effect was observed after 24 hours of treatment. A glucocorticoid antagonist, RU 38486, completely blocked these effects. To elucidate the interaction with prostaglandin, we used indomethacin, a potent inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis. Treatment with indomethacin shifted the dose-response curves of angiotensin II- and arginine vasopressin-induced inositol trisphosphate production to the left. However, this shift was less than that seen after dexamethasone treatment. Indomethacin alone did not completely reproduce dexamethasone effects, and no additive effect between indomethacin and dexamethasone was observed. These results suggest, at least in part but not entirely, that the effects of dexamethasone depended on prostaglandin synthesis inhibition. We concluded that glucocorticoids altered the responsiveness of vascular smooth muscle cells to angiotensin II and arginine vasopressin through a glucocorticoid-specific receptor. These actions strongly support the mechanism by which the glucocorticoid induced hypertension through the increased sensitivity to vasoconstrictors.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association