Insulin enhances pressor responses to norepinephrine in rat mesenteric vasculature.
Hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance have been proposed to play a role in human and experimental hypertension. To characterize this relation further, we examined the pressor responses to periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) and norepinephrine infusion in the isolated mesenteric vasculature of the normal rat before and after insulin (10, 100, and 1,000 microunits/ml) infusion. The pressor responses to PNS were similar before and after insulin, except at the highest dose of insulin (1,000 microunits/ml) and the highest frequency of PNS (10 Hz). However, insulin significantly increased the pressor responses to norepinephrine. This increase in responsiveness was evident at all doses of insulin studied. In contrast, insulin did not affect the pressor responses to either angiotension II or serotonin administration. The mechanism or mechanisms for the augmented pressor response to norepinephrine after insulin infusion remain to be determined. However, the selectivity of the response for norepinephrine and the absence of a marked pressor increase after PNS indicate that the mechanism probably involves either the alpha-receptor itself or an amplification of the postreceptor signal transduction. The role of chronic hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension requires further study.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association