Effect of selective denervation of baroreceptors on pulmonary ventilation and arterial pressure lability in rat.
Earlier studies report that sinoaortic baroreceptor denervation (SAD) in rats causes moderate elevation of mean arterial pressure along with a marked increase of arterial pressure lability (APL). In this context, we studied the effects of selective aortic denervation (AD) or selective carotid denervation (CD) on the regulation of blood pressure. In addition, we evaluated the effects of selective or total baroreceptor denervation on pulmonary ventilation and ventilation-related changes of arterial pressure. Mean arterial pressure was evaluated by computer-assisted techniques, and ventilation was measured by whole body plethysmography on conscious freely moving rats. With this approach, equal increases of mean arterial pressure were obtained for rats that had undergone AD, CD, and SAD. The APL was higher in SAD rats than in selectively denervated rats. CD and AD rats had an elevated APL relative to sham-operated animals, and its increase was approximately equal for the two selectively denervated groups. Total as well as selective denervation had relatively small effects on ventilation and on the general pattern of breathing. In all groups, this pattern consisted of regular ventilation, periodically interrupted by single deeper breaths. In SAD, AD, and CD animals, these larger tidal volumes were associated with marked transient reductions of mean arterial pressure, whereas small decreases of pressure occurred in sham-operated rats. The results indicate that both groups of baroreceptors must be present to keep mean arterial pressure at its normal level. Moreover, both receptor groups are equally important in reducing APL. Ventilation contributes to generation of APL after total or selective baroreceptor removal. Such ventilation-induced pressure changes are kept at a minimum in baroreceptor-intact rats.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association