Inhibition of nitric oxide, bradykinin, and prostaglandins in normal rats.
We assessed the vasodilator effect of endothelium-derived nitric oxide by inhibiting its formation with NG-monomethyl L-arginine (LNMMA) on systemic and regional hemodynamics in conscious, normotensive rats, using the radioactive microsphere technique. In rats injected with 10 mg/kg LNMMA (n = 8), mean blood pressure increased by 16.2 +/- 2.6 mm Hg, and heart rate decreased by 54.3 +/- 16.7 beats per minute. In comparison with rats injected with 5% dextrose (n = 14), cardiac index was lower by 35.6% (p less than 0.01), and total peripheral vascular resistance was higher by 51.6% (p less than 0.01); regional blood flows were lower and vascular resistance higher in most organs. Changes were significant in the heart, kidney, stomach, large intestine, skin, and adrenals (p less than 0.05). Preinjection of 100 mg/kg L-arginine prevented the pressor response but only partially attenuated the other hemodynamic effects of LNMMA. Combination of LNMMA with the bradykinin antagonist (D-Arg-Arg-Pro-Hyp-Gly-Thi-Ser-D-Phe-Thi-Arg)trifluoroacetic acid (50 micrograms/min for 5 minutes) did not produce systemic or regional effects different from those obtained with LNMMA alone. Combination of LNMMA with indomethacin (10 mg/kg) resulted in additional changes in the cerebral circulation, blood flow decreasing by an additional 44.2% (p less than 0.01) and vascular resistance increasing by 75.3% (p less than 0.01) compared with changes produced by LNMMA alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association