Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange, myoplasmic Ca2+ concentration, and contraction of arterial smooth muscle.
Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange is proposed to be an important regulator of myoplasmic intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and contraction in vascular smooth muscle. We investigated the role of Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange in regulating [Ca2+]i in swine carotid arterial tissues that were loaded with aequorin to allow simultaneous measurement of [Ca2+]i and force. Reversal of Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange, by reduction of extracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]o) to 1.2 mM, induced a large increase in aequorin-estimated [Ca2+]i and a low [Ca2+]i sensitivity. The contraction induced by 1.2 mM [Na+]o was partially caused by depolarization and opening of L-type Ca2+ channels because 10 microM diltiazem partially attenuated the 1.2 mM [Na+]o-induced increases in [Ca2+]i. High dose ouabain (10 microM), a putative endogenous Na+,K(+)-ATPase inhibitor, increased both [Ca2+]i and force. However, the increases in [Ca2+]i and force were mostly blocked by 10 microM phentolamine, suggesting the predominant effect of ouabain was to increase norepinephrine release from nerve terminals. In the presence of 10 microM phentolamine, 10 microM ouabain slightly accentuated 1 microM histamine-induced increases in [Ca2+]i and force. The ouabain dose necessary to induce contraction in the absence of phentolamine was significantly less than the ouabain dose necessary to accentuate histamine-induced contractions in the presence of phentolamine. These results suggest that Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange exists in swine arterial smooth muscle. These data also suggest that ouabain (which should increase [Na+]i and inhibit Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange) primarily enhances contractile function in the swine carotid artery by releasing catecholamines from nerve terminals; direct action of Na+,K(+)-ATPase inhibitors on smooth muscle appears to occur only with very high doses.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association