C-type natriuretic peptide inhibits thrombin- and angiotensin II-stimulated endothelin release via cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate.
We examined the inhibitory effect of porcine C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) on endothelin-1 secretion stimulated by thrombin and angiotensin II (Ang II) in cultured porcine endothelial cells. The results were compared with the effects of atrial (ANP) and brain (BNP) natriuretic peptides. Thrombin and Ang II produced a concentration-dependent stimulation of immunoreactive endothelin-1 secretion, and porcine CNP-22 potently inhibited this stimulated secretion in a concentration-dependent manner. CNP-22 had a stronger inhibitory effect than either porcine ANP(1-28) or porcine BNP-26. In addition, CNP potently increased the cellular level of cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (GMP), with the inhibition of immunoreactive endothelin-1 secretion in response to thrombin and Ang II being paralleled by the increase in the cyclic GMP level. The increase of cyclic GMP produced by CNP was also greater than that due to porcine ANP(1-28) or porcine BNP-26. The immunoreactive endothelin-1 in the culture medium had two components on high-performance liquid chromatography; the major one corresponded to endothelin-1 (1-21) and the minor one to big endothelin-1 (porcine 1-39). Treatment with CNP did not affect this profile. Our results suggest that CNP probably inhibits the endothelin-1 secretion stimulated by thrombin and Ang II through a cyclic GMP-dependent process. The increase of cyclic GMP levels and the inhibition of immunoreactive endothelin-1 secretion produced by CNP appear to be greater than those produced by ANP or BNP.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association