Pressure natriuresis in rats during blockade of the L-arginine/nitric oxide pathway.
The natriuretic response was studied in anesthetized rats during the intravenous infusion of L-arginine analogues to inhibit the production of endothelium-derived nitric oxide. In an initial experimental series, rats were administered saline vehicle or vehicle containing 300 mumol/kg body wt N omega-monomethyl-L-arginine, N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, N omega-monomethyl-D-arginine, or L-arginine. Infusion of the competitive inhibitors N omega-monomethyl-L-arginine and N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester significantly increased mean arterial pressure to 155 +/- 3 and 145 +/- 5 mm Hg, respectively, compared with a mean arterial pressure of 118 +/- 3 mm Hg determined in the vehicle control group. Sodium excretion averaged 3.27 +/- 1.08 and 2.52 +/- 0.78 mu eq/min in the N omega-monomethyl-L-arginine- and N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester-treated rats, respectively, and each was significantly higher than the basal sodium excretion of 0.20 +/- 0.05 mu eq/min in the vehicle-treated control animals. Plasma renin activity was significantly lower in the N omega-monomethyl-L-arginine- and N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester-treated groups than in the vehicle-treated group. Neither L-arginine nor N omega-monomethyl-D-arginine administration significantly altered any of the measured variables compared with vehicle alone. In a second experimental series, an adjustable snare was placed around the suprarenal aorta for the purpose of controlling renal perfusion pressure independently of increases in the systemic mean arterial pressure initiated by infusion of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (75 mumol/kg i.v.).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association