19-Nor-deoxycorticosterone production from aldosterone-producing adenomas.
19-Nor-deoxycorticosterone (19-nor-DOC), a hypertensinogenic mineralocorticoid, equipotent with aldosterone and independent of the renin-angiotensin system, is synthesized in the kidney and excreted in excess in the urine of patients with aldosterone-producing adenomas. This current study evaluated the adrenal and renal venous levels of aldosterone and 19-nor-DOC after adrenal and renal venous catheterization and blood sampling in five patients with aldosterone-producing adenomas. Aldosterone (mean +/- SEM) in the adrenal vein ipsilateral to the tumor (469 +/- 293 ng/dl) was higher than in the contralateral vein (70 +/- 59 ng/dl). 19-Nor-DOC (mean +/- SEM) was also higher in the ipsilateral (548 +/- 286 ng/dl) than in the contralateral (51 +/- 14 ng/dl) adrenal vein. In the renal veins, ipsilateral aldosterone (2.2 +/- 0.8 ng/dl) and 19-nor-DOC (12.2 +/- 2.4 ng/dl) were respectively similar to contralateral aldosterone (1.5 +/- 0.5 ng/dl) and 19-nor-DOC (14.6 +/- 1.3 ng/dl), whereas 19-nor-DOC was higher than aldosterone in each renal vein. The present study demonstrates that 19-nor-DOC is produced, not only from the kidneys, but also from the ipsilateral adrenal of patients with aldosterone-producing adenomas. The ipsilateral adrenal 19-nor-DOC production is comparable to that of aldosterone, suggesting that 19-nor-DOC may be contributing to the hypertension and hypokalemia in this disease. In the contralateral adrenal, aldosterone is suppressed to a greater extent than 19-nor-DOC, suggesting that these two steroids are under the influence of two different regulatory mechanisms.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association