Endothelium-dependent relaxation and L-arginine metabolism in genetic hypertension.
This study characterizes the effects of L-arginine and NG-monomethyl L-arginine on dilator responsiveness of vascular tissue from Wistar-Kyoto rats and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Rings of abdominal aorta were suspended in tissue baths for measurement of isometric force. After contraction induced by phenylephrine, cumulative addition of acetylcholine, L-arginine, or A23187 to the muscle bath caused a similar relaxation of aortic rings in both animal groups. To test the hypothesis that arginine metabolism is altered in hypertension, aortic rings were incubated with NG-monomethyl L-arginine. NG-monomethyl L-arginine (10-300 microM) did not affect contractile responses to phenylephrine (10(-10) to 10(-4) M) in either animal group (EC50, 10(-7) M). Exposure of aortic rings to NG-monomethyl L-arginine resulted in a greater inhibition of relaxation response to acetylcholine (10(-10) to 10(-6) M) in hypertensive animals. NG-monomethyl L-arginine (300 microM) caused complete inhibition of relaxation to acetylcholine in the hypertension group. Incubation with L-arginine (10-100 microM) overcame the inhibition of acetylcholine-induced relaxation produced by NG-monomethyl L-arginine in both groups. Exposure of aortic ring segments to NG-monomethyl L-arginine attenuated relaxation responses to A23187 (10(-10) to 3 x 10(-6) M) in both groups. L-Arginine-induced reversal of the inhibitory effect of NG-monomethyl L-arginine on the relaxation responses to A23187 was similar between groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association