Phospholipase C responses in cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats.
We tested the hypothesis that increased systemic vascular resistance in spontaneously hypertensive rats may be secondary to enhanced phospholipase C activity in response to vasoconstrictor stimuli. Activation of phospholipase C by angiotensin II (Ang II), thromboxane A2, arginine vasopressin, and endothelin-1 was compared in cultured glomerular mesangial cells and mesenteric vascular smooth muscle cells taken from 13- to 14-week-old hypertensive and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (blood pressure, 185 +/- 1 versus 135 +/- 2 mm Hg). Phospholipase C was assessed by measuring cytosolic free calcium and by the accumulation of radiolabeled inositol phosphates. Basal cytosolic calcium did not differ between mesangial cells taken from both strains but was greater in smooth muscle cells from hypertensive rats (210.1 +/- 8.2 versus 149.2 +/- 4.7 nM). The responsiveness of cytosolic calcium and inositol phosphate accumulation to Ang II was significantly enhanced in mesangial cells from hypertensive rats (10(-7) M Ang II: peak increase of calcium, 1,266 +/- 181 versus 603 +/- 93 nM; percent increment of inositol phosphates at 1 minute, 266 +/- 26 versus 98 +/- 10%). Vascular smooth muscle cells from hypertensive rats, when compared with normotensive rats, showed a similar augmentation of Ang II-stimulated intracellular calcium and inositol phosphates. Thromboxane A2-induced enhancement of intracellular calcium and inositol phosphate accumulation in vascular smooth muscle cells was also greater in hypertensive animals. However, the responses to vasopressin and endothelin in mesangial or vascular smooth muscle cells did not differ between the normotensive and hypertensive animals. There was no significant difference in Ang II receptor number and affinity between hypertensive- and normotensive-derived mesangial cells. We conclude that genetically increased blood pressure in rats may be secondary to enhanced post-receptor signaling in glomerular mesangial cells activated by Ang II and to enhanced signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells stimulated by either Ang II or thromboxane A2.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association