Relation between job strain, alcohol, and ambulatory blood pressure.
"Job strain" (defined as high psychological demands and low decision latitude on the job) has been previously reported to be associated with increased risk of hypertension and increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in a case-control study of healthy employed men, aged 30-60 years, without evidence of coronary heart disease. We hypothesized that job strain would be associated with increased ambulatory blood pressure (AmBP). A total of 264 men at eight work sites wore an AmBP monitor for 24 hours on a working day. In an analysis of covariance model, job strain was associated with an increase in systolic AmBP of 6.8 mm Hg (p = 0.002) and diastolic AmBP of 2.8 mm Hg at work (p = 0.03) after adjusting for age, race, body mass index, Type A behavior, alcohol behavior, smoking, work site, 24-hour urine sodium, education, and physical demand level of the job. Alcohol use also had a significant effect on AmBP. However, among subjects not in high-strain jobs, alcohol had no apparent effect on AmBP at work. Instead, alcohol use and job strain interacted such that workers in high-strain jobs who drank regularly had significantly higher systolic AmBP at work (p = 0.007). Among the other risk factors, only age, body mass index, and smoking had significant effects on AmBP. Job strain also had significant effects on AmBP at home and during sleep as well as on LVMI.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association