Effects of sodium salts on pressor reactivity in salt-sensitive men.
Blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension is raised by sodium chloride but not by nonchloride sodium salts. Although a high sodium chloride diet is known to augment the pressor response to norepinephrine and angiotensin II, the effect of nonchloride sodium salts on pressor responsiveness has not been studied so far. To examine whether sodium chloride and nonchloride sodium salts evoke different pressor responses to these agonists, we performed graded norepinephrine and angiotensin II infusions in salt-sensitive (n = 7) and salt-resistant (n = 8) normotensive subjects. The subjects were given a low salt diet (20 mmol/day) for 3 weeks, to which a supplement of 200 mmol sodium per day, provided as either sodium chloride or sodium citrate, or a placebo was added for 1 week each. We found that, although sodium chloride raised mean arterial blood pressure in the salt-sensitive subjects (p less than 0.005), sodium citrate did not. However, under both sodium salts pressor response to norepinephrine and angiotensin II was significantly greater than under placebo (p less than 0.02). Furthermore, with both sodium salts, pressor response in the salt-sensitive subjects was greater than in the salt-resistant subjects (p less than 0.01). This study thus demonstrates that, although blood pressure in salt-sensitive individuals is raised by sodium chloride only, both sodium chloride and sodium citrate evoke similar increases in pressor response to norepinephrine and angiotensin II. Since pressor response increased with both sodium salts but resting blood pressure increased only with sodium chloride, enhanced pressor responsiveness alone cannot account for the sodium chloride-induced rise in resting blood pressure.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association