Increased vascular formation of angiotensin II in one-kidney, one clip hypertension.
To assess the role of the vascular angiotensin II-generating system in one-kidney, one clip hypertension, we determined the angiotensin converting enzyme activity in plasma and vascular tissues and examined the pressor response to angiotensin II, angiotensin I, and tetradecapeptide renin substrate in isolated mesenteric arteries from one-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats 7 and 30 days after clipping the renal artery and in mesenteric arteries from age-matched normotensive rats. Angiotensin converting enzyme activity, determined in aortic and mesenteric tissues, was significantly augmented in the hypertensive (30 days after clipping) group, whereas plasma activity was normal. The vasoconstrictor responses elicited by angiotensin I and tetradecapeptide in arteries from hypertensive rats were found to be significantly potentiated 30 days after clipping, whereas the angiotensin II responses were basically unchanged. Saralasin completely blocked the vasoconstrictor responses, whereas captopril blocked only the responses to angiotensin I without affecting the responses elicited by angiotensin II and tetradecapeptide. Enalapril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor given intravenously to unanesthetized rats, significantly lowered the blood pressure of hypertensive rats. The pressor responses elicited by angiotensin II, angiotensin I, and tetradecapeptide were completely inhibited by saralasin, whereas enalapril blocked only the responses of angiotensin I but not those elicited by angiotensin II and tetradecapeptide. These results indicate that local formation of angiotensin II is increased in arteries of one-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats. The data obtained with tetradecapeptide renin substrate suggest an important role for nonrenin proteases in vascular angiotensin II formation.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association