Restriction fragment length polymorphism of hsp70 gene, localized in the RT1 complex, is associated with hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that the intermediate phenotype of thermosensitivity is present in hypertensive mice and rats. Increased expression of hsp70 caused by increased transcription rate was demonstrated in vivo, in organs, and in cultured cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats and hypertensive mice. In this study, a polymorphism of this gene was revealed with BamHI enzyme by using a human hsp70 probe. A 4.4-kb fragment was visualized in normotensive rats (Brown-Norway BN.lx and Sprague-Dawley), and a 3.0-kb fragment was found in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) of three different origins and in Wistar and Buffalo rats. Both fragments were present in the Wistar-Kyoto rat strain. The present study mapped the polymorphism of hsp70 into the RT1 complex in BN.1K and SHR.1N congenic strains. The hsp70 restriction fragment length polymorphism is associated with a blood pressure difference of 15 mm Hg in recombinant inbred strains. These results justify the search for a mechanism by which hsp70 could influence blood pressure.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association