Calcitonin gene-related peptide in noradrenergic transmission in rat hypothalamus.
In the present study, we examined the regulatory mechanisms of calcitonin gene-related peptide on norepinephrine release in rat hypothalamus. Calcitonin gene-related peptide inhibited the stimulation-evoked norepinephrine release from hypothalamic slices of Sprague-Dawley rats in a dose-dependent manner, although the peptide did not affect basal release of norepinephrine. The blockade of the alpha 2-adrenergic receptors by RX 781094 failed to modulate the inhibitory effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide on norepinephrine release. Pretreatment of slices with islet activating protein, a toxin that interferes with the coupling of the inhibitory receptors to adenylate cyclase, did not affect the suppression of norepinephrine release by calcitonin gene-related peptide. However, Bay K 8644, a dihydropyridine-sensitive calcium channel agonist, significantly reversed the inhibitory effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide on norepinephrine release. These results show that calcitonin gene-related peptide might inhibit norepinephrine release in rat hypothalamus, partially mediated by interactions with dihydropyridine-sensitive Ca2+ channels but not by interactions with presynaptic alpha 2-adrenergic receptors and inhibitory guanosine triphosphate binding proteins. Furthermore, the finding suggests the possible involvement of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the regulation of sympathetic nervous activity in the central nervous system.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association