Effect of blocking angiotensin II receptor subtype on rat sympathetic nerve function.
This study examined effects of nonpeptide angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor subtype antagonists on the interaction of sympathetic function and Ang II in pithed rats. Effects of spinal cord stimulation (0.5-4 Hz) and norepinephrine (0.3-3 micrograms/kg i.v.) on mean arterial pressure (recorded with a carotid arterial catheter), cardiac output (measured with an electromagnetic flowmeter and flow probe around the thoracic ascending aorta), total peripheral resistance, and heart rate were determined. The subtype 1-selective Ang II receptor antagonist losartan (previously known as DuP 753) at 10 mg/kg i.v. blocked the hemodynamic responses to Ang II at 1 microgram/kg i.v. It inhibited mean arterial pressure and total peripheral resistance responses but not cardiac output and heart rate responses to spinal cord stimulation. In contrast, it reduced mean arterial pressure and cardiac output responses but not total peripheral resistance and heart rate responses to intravenous norepinephrine. Given at 100 mg/kg i.v., the subtype 2-selective receptor antagonist PD123177 did not reduce hemodynamic responses to intravenous Ang II, spinal cord stimulation, and intravenous norepinephrine. These results suggest that endogenous Ang II facilitates the release of norepinephrine from sympathetic nerve terminals in the vasculature of pithed rats. Similar to the Ang II receptor in vascular smooth muscle, the prejunctional Ang II receptor in pithed rats appears to be of subtype 1.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association