Rat adrenal cortex is a source of a circulating ouabainlike compound.
To determine if the adrenal gland may be the source of plasma-borne ouabainlike compound (OLC) in rats, we 1) measured immunoreactivity expressed as OLC equivalents in extracts from a wide variety of central and peripheral tissues and, for adrenal cortex and medulla, chromatographed the extracts to determine to what extent immunoreactivity in the adrenal was OLC, and 2) measured OLC in the plasma of adrenalectomized and adrenal demedullectomized rats. The highest levels of immunoreactivity were found in adrenal cortex, adrenal medulla, atria, and the pituitary. Based on high-performance liquid chromatographic retention time, immunoreactivity in the adrenal cortex was almost exclusively immunoreactive OLC. Removal of this rich source of OLC from rats resulted in an approximate 50% decrease in circulating levels of OLC by 6 days after removal. Furthermore, although adrenal demedullectomy also caused a decrease in OLC 3 days after surgery, the decline was sustained only with total adrenalectomy, in that plasma levels of OLC in demedullectomized rats 6 days after surgery had returned to levels equal to those of sham controls. Taken together, these findings strongly suggest that the adrenal cortex is a major contributor to circulating OLC in the rat.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association