Angiotensin II and renal functional reserve in rats with Goldblatt hypertension.
We have previously demonstrated that loss of renal functional reserve (renal response to protein loading) in two-kidney, one clip Goldblatt hypertension is characterized by no change in glomerular filtration rate or single nephron glomerular filtration rate and decreased absolute proximal tubular reabsorption during glycine administration. Captopril restores proximal reabsorption and renal functional reserve in this condition. Because captopril suppresses angiotensin II generation and increases bradykinin, prostaglandins, and potentially nitric oxide, we have investigated the role of angiotensin II blockade in restoring proximal reabsorption and renal functional reserve by comparing captopril with DuP 753, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, in Goldblatt rats. One month after clipping, two period micropuncture studies (control and glycine) were performed on the unclipped kidney. Normal rats and three groups of clipped rats were studied: an untreated group (HYP), a group treated with captopril (CEI), and a group treated with DuP 753 (DuP) 5 days before micropuncture. Glycine increased glomerular filtration rate, nephron plasma flow, and single nephron glomerular filtration rate in normal rats. Systemic and glomerular hypertension in HYP rats was associated with loss of renal functional reserve and a decrease in absolute proximal reabsorption during glycine. Captopril and DuP 753 normalized systemic and glomerular capillary pressure and prevented the decrease in proximal reabsorption during glycine; however, only CEI rats increased single nephron glomerular filtration rate and glomerular filtration rate after glycine. In conclusion, abnormal responses of both glomerular and tubular function are responsible for the loss of renal functional reserve in Goldblatt rats. Inhibitory angiotensin II activity is responsible for decreasing proximal reabsorption during glycine; however, factors other than angiotensin II limit the glomerular response to glycine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association