Ganglionic blockade with tetraethylammonium in conscious rats.
The sympathetic ganglionic blocking agent tetraethylammonium has been used as a clearance marker for the measurement of renal plasma flow, but the sympathetic ganglionic blocking dose in rats is unknown. In light of differential reflex activation of sympathetic nerve activity to heart and kidney, we compared the effect of tetraethylammonium on renal nerve activity, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate. Conscious rats were infused with either vehicle (isotonic saline) or tetraethylammonium (n = 7 in both groups). Tetraethylammonium was infused cumulatively (35 minutes per dose) in the following doses: 10(-5), 10(-4), 10(-3), 10(-2), and 10(-1) g/kg body wt per hour. Doses for 15% reduction were 10(-1) for mean arterial pressure, 0.55 x 10(-1) for heart rate, and 0.055 x 10(-1) g/kg body wt per hour for renal nerve activity. Renal nerve activity was abolished at 10(-1) g/kg body wt per hour; mean arterial pressure and heart rate were unchanged at doses lower than 10(-1) g/kg body wt per hour. The lethal dose was 1 g/kg body wt per hour. No changes were observed in vehicle-treated animals. Tetraethylammonium at 10(-1) g/kg body wt per hour resulted in an attenuated increase in renal nerve activity during acetylcholine-induced reduction in mean arterial pressure, reflecting arterial baroreceptor inhibition. We conclude that renal nerve activity is 10- and 18-fold more sensitive to sympathetic ganglionic blockade than heart rate and mean arterial pressure, respectively. When tetraethylammonium is used as a clearance marker for measurement of renal plasma flow in rats, it should be administered in doses less than 10(-2) g/kg body wt per hour.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association