Norepinephrine in urine and plasma following provocative maneuvers in normal and hypertensive subjects.
Urinary norepinephrine (UNE) excretion rate and venous plasma norepinephrine (PNE) concentrations were studied in 266 normotensive and 107 essential hypertensive men and women under conditions of volume expansion with 2 liters of intravenous normal saline over 4 hours, and volume contraction with a 10 mEq sodium diet and 120 mg oral furosemide. The UNE excretion rate was correlated with age in normal women only. In men, and in hypertensives of both sexes, the relationship appeared to be biphasic. The PNE concentration was not correlated with age in the hypertensive subjects. Insufficient numbers of older subjects were available to exclude absolutely such a relationship among normals. The UNE and PNE were influenced by volume expansion and contraction in both normals and hypertensives; however, normals exhibited a correlation between UNE and blood pressure as well as consistent correlations between UNE and PNE, neither of which were observed in the hypertensives. Hypertensive women generally had greater UNE and PNE values than normal women or hypertensive men. Hypertensive women may have altered sympathetic activity.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association