Determinants of renal vascular resistance in the Dahl strain of genetically hypertensive rat.
Hypertension-resistant (R) rats of the Dahl strain remain normotensive on diets containing excessive sodium chloride, while hypertension-sensitive (S) rats rapidly become hypertensive when eating the same diet. In the present study, renal hemodynamics were investigated in Dahl rats eating normal or high salt chow for 4 weeks. The R rats eating sodium-enriched chow were found to have significantly lower renal vascular resistance (RVR) than R rats on normal chow; RVR was identical in S rats on either diet. The reason for the failure of S kidneys to exhibit vasodilation during high salt ingestion was explored by examining renal vascular responses to interruption of the renal sympathetic nerves, renal sympathetic nerve stimulation (SNS), and to several vasoactive agents. Changes in RVR to nerve section and to SNS were similar in both strains regardless of diet. Renal vascular responses to intraarterial norepinephrine were suppressed significantly by high salt intake only in the R rats. Changes in RVR to intraarterial angiotensin II were uniformly greater in S than in R rats, but were not altered by salt intake in either strain. Renal vasodilation in response to intraarterial acetylcholine was reduced in R rats on high salt intake, but was not affected by salt intake in S rats. It is concluded that S rats exhibit inappropriately high renal vascular tone during ingestion of excessive salt, and that this alteration is not the result of increased neurogenic activity or increased vascular reactivity to angiotensin II or norepinephrine.
- Copyright © 1980 by American Heart Association