Vascular responsiveness in rats resistant to aldosterone-salt hypertension.
Wistar-Furth rats have been shown to be resistant to mineralocorticoid-salt hypertension, but the mechanism for this resistance is unknown. In the current experiments, adult male Wistar and Wistar-Furth rats were given a subcutaneous aldosterone infusion (0.15 microgram/hr) for 4 weeks, and changes in blood pressure and vascular reactivity were studied. Rats received a 1% NaCl, 0.2% KCl solution to drink. After 4 weeks of aldosterone infusion, systolic blood pressure measured using a tail-cuff technique had increased by 60 mm Hg in Wistar rats but was unchanged in Wistar-Furth rats. Hypokalemia occurred in both strains in response to the aldosterone infusion. Isolated, helically cut strips of common carotid artery and aorta were prepared for isometric force recording. Cumulative concentration-response curves to norepinephrine, serotonin, KCl, calcium, nitroprusside, and acetylcholine were performed in carotid artery strips, and concentration-response curves to ouabain were performed in aortic strips. Increased vascular contractile sensitivity to KCl, ouabain, norepinephrine, and serotonin was observed in vessels from Wistar rats treated with aldosterone and salt. The same treatment in Wistar-Furth rats produced only increased vascular sensitivity to ouabain and serotonin, and these changes were of smaller magnitude than those seen in Wistar rats. Aldosterone-salt treatment produced decreased vascular sensitivity to acetylcholine and nitroprusside in both Wistar and Wistar-Furth rats. These results support the hypothesis that resistance of Wistar-Furth rats to aldosterone-salt hypertension is due to resistance to the effects of aldosterone-salt treatment that normally result in increased vasoconstrictor sensitivity.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association