Trandolapril inhibits atherosclerosis in the Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit.
The effects of trandolapril (0.25 mg/kg body wt per 48 hours) on aortic atherosclerosis were examined in the Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit treated from 3 to 12 months of age. Trandolapril caused a significant decrease in atherosclerotic involvement of the intimal surface of total aorta from 56.3 +/- 5.0% in control Watanabe rabbits to 35.0 +/- 4.1% with treatment (p less than 0.01). The largest reductions were observed in descending thoracic aorta where 21.8 +/- 5.7% of intimal surface was involved in the trandolapril-treated animals versus 54.4 +/- 7.7% in the control group (p less than 0.01). Significant decreases also occurred in ascending aorta/arch and abdominal aortic segments. Cholesterol content of descending thoracic aorta was also significantly reduced in the trandolapril-treated rabbits. The atherosclerotic plaques in aorta from trandolapril-treated rabbits appeared to contain less foam cells and relatively greater amounts of connective tissue than those from control animals. These studies indicate that trandolapril inhibits aortic atherosclerosis in the Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit. The similarity in results between the current study and that using captopril suggests that the antiatherosclerotic action of trandolapril and captopril represents a class effect related to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association