Phosphoramidon-sensitive effects of big endothelins in the perfused rabbit kidney.
The enzymatic conversion of human big endothelins (1, 2, and 3) to their respective active metabolites (endothelin-1, -2, and -3) was investigated in the perfused rabbit kidney through the pressor- and eicosanoid-releasing properties of these peptides. Intra-arterial bolus injections of endothelin-1 and -2 (5-50 pmol), endothelin-3 (100-250 pmol), and big endothelin-1 and -2 (100-250 pmol) into the kidney produced dose-dependent increases of perfusion pressure, whereas big endothelin-3 was inactive at doses up to 1,000 pmol. Endothelin-1 and -2 (10 nM), endothelin-3 (100 nM), and big endothelin-1 and -2 (100 nM) are potent enhancers of prostacyclin release without inducing any release of thromboxane B2 in the perfused kidney. In contrast, big endothelin-3 did not trigger the release of eicosanoids. A metalloprotease inhibitor, phosphoramidon (100 microM, 60 minutes), reduced the prostanoid release and pressor responses induced by big endothelin-1 and -2 without affecting the response induced by endothelin-1, -2, and -3. These results suggest the presence of a phosphoramidon-sensitive endothelin converting enzyme that converts the precursors of endothelin-1 and -2, but not of endothelin-3, in the renal vasculature of the rabbit.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association