Platelet sodium-hydrogen antiport in obese and diabetic black women.
In this investigation we correlated platelet Na-H antiport parameters with blood pressure and serum lipids in a sample population of non-insulin-dependent diabetic obese, nondiabetic obese, and nondiabetic nonobese black women. Parameters of the Na-H antiport were examined in aspirin-treated platelets. These parameters were not altered in resting or in thrombin-stimulated platelets of diabetic patients. The activity index of platelet Na-H antiport after thrombin stimulation was positively correlated with the blood pressure (systolic blood pressure, r = 0.5320 and p = 0.0001; diastolic blood pressure, r = 0.5123 and p = 0.0017). Lower high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were associated with an alkaline shift in the cytosolic pH set point for activation of the Na-H antiport. Highly significant correlations were also observed between the total cholesterol/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and the cytosolic pH set point for activation of the Na-H antiport. These correlations were independent of diabetes or the body mass index. Together, these observations indicate that parameters of platelet Na-H antiport are altered with an increase in blood pressure and a decrease in serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association