Whole body autoregulation in reduced renal mass hypertension.
Whole body autoregulation in conscious rats can be shown in the absence of the rapid acting neural and hormonal controllers of blood pressure. It is hypothesized that this phenomenon is responsible for the gradual rise of vascular resistance observed in volume-dependent forms of hypertension such as reduced renal mass-salt-induced hypertension. To examine the hypothesis, we evaluated the gain of whole body autoregulation at various stages of reduced renal mass hypertension to determine if acute autoregulatory capacity is altered during chronic hypertension. Rats underwent reduced renal mass surgery (nephrectomy plus 70% reduction of remaining kidney) and were studied at 2 (n = 8), 4 (n = 6), and 6 (n = 7) weeks after high salt diet. Control rats (n = 6) underwent nephrectomy and sham surgery and were studied after 2 weeks of high salt diet. All reduced renal mass rats showed progressive hypertension (2 weeks, 136 +/- 5; 4 weeks, 157 +/- 8; and 6 weeks, 171 +/- 10 mm Hg) compared with sham rats (113 +/- 4 mm Hg). We observed an increase in basal level of total peripheral resistance index after neurohumoral blockade in reduced renal mass rats (2 weeks, 1.64 +/- 0.06; 4 weeks, 1.79 +/- 0.10; and 6 weeks, 1.89 +/- 0.09 mm Hg.100 g-1.min-1.ml-1) compared with sham rats (1.56 +/- 0.10 mm Hg.100 g-1.min-1.ml-1).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association