Role of angiotensin subtype 2 receptor in neointima formation after vascular injury.
The role of angiotensin receptor subtypes 1 and 2 was assessed on neointima formation after injury in rat carotid artery. The effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition by perindopril (3 mg.kg-1 x day-1 p.o.) and selective blockade of angiotensin subtype 1 receptors by DuP 753 (5 and 30 mg.kg-1 x day-1 p.o.) were compared on proliferative response to balloon injury. In rats treated 6 days before and for 14 days after injury, perindopril significantly reduced (-76%, p < 0.01) myointimal hyperplasia. In contrast, DuP 753 at 5 mg.kg-1 x day-1 did not modify the hyperplastic response to balloon catheterization. Only at 30 mg.kg-1 x day-1 was DuP 753 able to reduce neointima formation (-47%, p < 0.05). This dose was equipotent to perindopril on the renin-angiotensin system as assessed by the pressor response to angiotensin II and angiotensin I. Therefore, blockade of subtype 1 receptors was a less effective means of suppression of myointimal growth than angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition, suggesting that another angiotensin receptor subtype or converting enzyme substrates are involved in this process. For the determination of whether angiotensin subtype 2 receptors were implicated, the specific subtype 2 receptor antagonist CGP 42112A (1 mg.kg-1 x day-1) was continuously infused perivascularly for 14 days in the vicinity of the injured carotid artery. CGP 42112A was as effective in preventing neointima formation as perindopril (-73%, p < 0.01, versus -76%, p < 0.01, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association