Time course of stimulation of renal renin messenger RNA by furosemide.
Renin secretion responds rapidly to a variety of stimuli; however, reported changes in renal renin messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in vivo have been observed only after prolonged stimulation. Studies were designed to test whether rapid changes in renin mRNA levels can be produced in vivo. In the first series, Sprague-Dawley rats received furosemide (10 mg/kg) intraperitoneally and a low sodium diet (0.05% sodium); renin secretion was significantly stimulated at 8 or 16 hours after treatment, but renin mRNA levels did not change. In a second series, rats were pretreated with deoxycorticosterone acetate (200 mg/kg) and saline drinking water for 3 days and then killed 0, 2, 4, 8, or 48 hours after furosemide administration. The renin mRNA level was unchanged at 2 hours but was stimulated twofold at 4 and 8 hours and threefold at 48 hours. In additional animals, the response of renin mRNA 4 hours after furosemide was found not to be potentiated by the converting enzyme inhibitor quinapril (5 mg/kg). The results demonstrate that with acute stimulation, renin mRNA levels lag 2-4 hours behind the change in plasma renin levels.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association