Oxygen cost of stress development in hypertrophied and failing hearts from the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
Left ventricular isovolumic stress development and metabolic parameters were studied in 18-24-month-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat controls using the isolated, isovolumic (balloon in left ventricle) buffer-perfused rat heart preparation. After WKY rats and all SHRs were compared, SHRs were divided into two groups: those animals with (SHR-F) and without (SHR-NF) evidence of heart failure. Hearts were perfused at 100 mm Hg using a constant pressure system at a temperature of 37 degrees C. In the baseline state, peak systolic pressure was greatest in the SHR-NF group and lowest in the SHR-F group. Peak midwall stress was greatest in the WKY group and, again, lowest in the SHR-F group. Oxygen consumption was lowest in the SHR-F group. When the oxygen cost of stress development was estimated by normalizing myocardial oxygen consumption by peak developed midwall stress, values were lowest in the WKY, greater in the SHR-NF, and greatest in the SHR-F group. Lactate production did not occur in the baseline state in any of the groups. Functional and metabolic responses to graded hypoxia, induced by changing the gas mixture of the perfusate from 95% to 50%, 25%, and 0% oxygen at perfusion pressures of 100 and 130 mm Hg, were studied. Increasing perfusion pressure generally resulted in small increases in peak systolic pressure and myocardial oxygen consumption but did not substantially reverse the contractile or metabolic deficit present in the SHR-F group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association