Vascular smooth muscle cell calcium fluxes. Regulation by angiotensin II and lipoproteins.
This study examined 45Ca uptake, 45Ca efflux, and the distribution of exchangeable 45Ca in confluent, quiescent cultures of aortic smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). These parameters were investigated under basal conditions and after addition of angiotensin II (Ang II) and low (LDL) and high (HDL) density lipoproteins. Basal 45Ca uptake was approximately 50% greater in VSMCs from SHRs (p < 0.005 versus WKY). Calcium antagonists (diltiazem or nifedipine) abolished this difference. The 45Ca uptake response to Ang II was approximately twofold greater in SHR than in WKY VSMCs (p < 0.05), and Ang II-induced increments of 45Ca uptake were weakly inhibited (by approximately 15-25%) by calcium antagonists. Lipoproteins also stimulated 45Ca uptake in VSMCs, and the apparent affinity of this process was approximately fivefold greater for LDL than for HDL. Calcium antagonists did not inhibit either LDL- or HDL-induced 45Ca uptake. SHR and WKY VSMCs did not differ with respect to 45Ca uptake induced by either LDL or HDL. The initial size of the slowly exchangeable pool of intracellular Ca2+ was approximately 35% greater in SHR VSMCs (p < 0.05 versus WKY). Ang II-induced mobilization of intracellular calcium (measured as the decrease in 45Ca content of the slowly exchangeable pool) was threefold greater in SHR VSMCs (p < 0.005 versus WKY). LDL and HDL marginally stimulated 45Ca efflux from this pool (< or = 20% above control) and to comparable extents in both SHR and WKY VSMCs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association