Human lymphocyte sodium-hydrogen exchange. The influences of lipids, membrane fluidity, and insulin.
The relation between serum lipids, membrane fluidity, insulin, and the activity of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger was investigated in human lymphocytes from 83 subjects. Subjects had a wide range of serum lipids and no concurrent disease. Lymphocyte membrane anisotropy (inversely related to membrane fluidity) was measured with a fluorescence polarization method. Sodium-hydrogen exchange maximal proton efflux rate, affinity for external sodium, and resting pH were determined with the intracellular pH-sensitive fluorochrome 2',5'-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein. Sodium-hydrogen exchange maximal proton efflux rate was negatively correlated with the age of the subject (p = 0.03). Membrane anisotropy correlated with serum triglyceride (p = 0.04). Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the maximal proton efflux rate in human lymphocytes was significantly related to age (p = 0.005), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.04), membrane anisotropy (p = 0.03), and serum cholesterol (p = 0.03). Incubation of lymphocytes with insulin failed to affect sodium-hydrogen exchange kinetics, intracellular buffering power, or resting intracellular pH. These results suggest that membrane-bound transport proteins may be influenced by serum lipids and the fluidity of the lipid membrane in which they are bound, but they are unlikely to be affected by insulin.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association