Renal dopamine-1 receptors in hypertensive inbred rat strains with and without hyperactivity.
Renal dopamine-1 (DA-1) receptors are involved in the regulation of sodium transport in several nephron segments, including the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT). DA-1 receptors in the PCT and cortical collecting duct of normotensive rats are linked to the stimulation of adenylyl cyclase (AC). We have reported a defect in the DA-1 receptor/AC coupling in the PCT of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) of the Okamoto-Aoki strain. Hyperactivity and hypertension are both expressed in the SHR. To determine if the DA-1 receptor coupling defect is associated with hyperactivity or hypertension, we studied the DA-1 receptor in the PCT of two new inbred rat strains derived from the SHR: the hyperactive WKHA and the hypertensive WKHT rat. Tail-cuff blood pressures taken at 4 weeks indicated that WKHT rats were not hypertensive (86 +/- 3 mm Hg, n = 6), whereas at 12 weeks systolic pressures in both SHR and WKHT rats exceeded 150 mm Hg. Hyperactivity, however, was noted in WKHA rats even at this early age. Basal AC activity was similar in WKHA and WKHT PCT in either age group. In the older rats, the DA-1 agonist fenoldopam (10(-7) mol/L) stimulated AC activity in WKHA (70.6 +/- 16.1 fmol per 3 mm PCT per 20 minutes, n = 3) but not in WKHT PCT (43.3 +/- 5.3 fmol per 3 mm PCT per 20 minutes, n = 4). Gpp(NH)p (10(-5) mol/L), a nonhydrolyzable GTP analogue, stimulated AC activity to a similar extent in WKHA and WKHT PCT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association