Leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion in spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats.
Although the etiology of hypertension-related organ damage remains poorly understood, it has recently been proposed that activated and adherent leukocytes may contribute to the pathogenesis of progressive organ injury in hypertension. The objective of this study was to determine whether the adherence and emigration of leukocytes in microvessels differ between spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats. Leukocyte adherence, rolling, and emigration as well as vessel diameter and erythrocyte velocity were monitored in mesenteric venules of age-matched normotensive and hypertensive rats. Measurements were obtained under baseline conditions and during superfusion of the mesentery with either platelet activating factor, leukotriene B4, or NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis. Tissue-associated myeloperoxidase activity, an index of the total tissue granulocyte population, was measured in various tissues of normotensive and hypertensive rats. Systemic arterial pressure and the circulating polymorphonuclear leukocyte count were elevated in hypertensive relative to normotensive rats. The number of adherent and emigrated leukocytes under baseline conditions did not differ between normotensive and hypertensive rats. Although the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor caused a similar rise in leukocyte adherence and emigration in both rat strains, the adhesive interactions elicited by either platelet activating factor or leukotriene B4 were significantly blunted in hypertensive relative to normotensive rats. Flow cytometric analysis of whole-blood samples revealed a lower surface expression of CD11b/CD18 on leukocytes from hypertensive rats under stimulated conditions. Myeloperoxidase activity in mesentery and small and large intestine was low, whereas lung, spleen, and stomach values were high in hypertensive compared with normotensive rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association