Renal morphological changes after sinoaortic denervation in dogs.
The present study investigates morphological renal lesions in sinoaortic-denervated dogs 1 (n = 6) and 18 (n = 5) months after sinoaortic denervation compared with sham-operated controls (n = 8). After 1 month, a marked hyalinization and moderate thickening of the media of arterioles and small interlobular arteries were observed. These changes associated with edema and intimal thickening led to a narrowing of the lumen. In glomeruli, increase of mesangial matrix was focally present in all cases and associated with mesangial proliferation. In four of six cases, some glomeruli appeared retracted, with a large urinary space. A focal area of interstitial fibrosis occurred in just one case. After 18 months, similar but more pronounced vascular lesions were present, with marked hyperplasia of the media. Glomerular changes were characterized by mesangial lesions associated with focal glomerular sclerosis and thickening of Bowman's capsule. Tubulointerstitial lesions were more prominent in this group, with the presence of tubular epithelial changes and casts. Focal interstitial fibrosis, infiltrates, or both were demonstrated in all cases. These morphological lesions were associated with an increase in arterial blood pressure, proteinuria, and natriuresis and a decrease in urinary kallikrein. These results show that chronic sinoaortic denervation in dogs is associated with renal lesions similar to those observed in other well-established experimental and clinical hypertensive states.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association