Psychophysiological reactivity and cardiac end-organ changes in white coat hypertension.
This study aimed 1) to assess whether patients with an exaggerated blood pressure response to the doctor's presence ("white coat" effect) also display a pattern of enhanced blood pressure reactivity to mental stress and physical exercise and 2) to determine the presence of left ventricular structural and filling abnormalities in patients with white coat hypertension. We studied 56 (40 men) consecutive patients (mean [SD] age, 46.4 [9.1] years) whose clinic blood pressure was repeatedly high. Patients were classified as having white coat hypertension (n = 20) if both their mean daytime (from 7 AM to 11 PM) ambulatory systolic and diastolic blood pressures were less than 134 and 90 mm Hg, respectively. Patients were considered to have persistent hypertension (n = 36) if daytime systolic blood pressure was 134 mm Hg or more or diastolic blood pressure was 90 mm Hg or more. Eighteen subjects with clinic blood pressure lower than 140/90 mm Hg served as a normotensive control group. Blood pressure reactivity from baseline to mental arithmetic, isometric handgrip, and cycle ergometry did not display any difference among the three groups. The white coat hypertensive group had left ventricular mass index lower than the persistent hypertensive group but higher than the normotensive group. Doppler indexes of left ventricular diastolic filling displayed similar abnormalities in the white coat and persistent hypertensive groups compared with the normotensive group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association