Induction of nitric oxide synthase gene by interleukin in vascular smooth muscle cells.
To elucidate whether cytokines induce nitric oxide synthase in vascular smooth muscle cells, we studied the effects of human recombinant interleukin-1 beta on the synthesis and release of nitric oxide in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells by measurement of NO2-/NO3- levels. Furthermore, we performed Northern blot analysis using subcloned polymerase chain reaction products as probes for constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthase. Interleukin-1 beta dose dependently (1 to 20 ng/mL) stimulated NO2-/NO3- production as a function of time. Northern blotting demonstrated the interleukin-1 beta-induced expression of messenger RNA for an inducible but not for the constitutive nitric oxide synthase after 3 hours. NG-Monomethyl L-arginine completely blocked the interleukin-1 beta-induced NO2-/NO3- production, the effect of which was reversed by L-arginine but not by D-arginine. Dexamethasone inhibited the interleukin-1 beta-induced NO2-/NO3- production in a dose-dependent manner (10(-9) to 10(-7) M) and the interleukin-1 beta-inducible nitric oxide synthase messenger RNA levels. Neither a calmodulin inhibitor (W-7) nor a protein kinase C inhibitor (staurosporine) showed any effects on the induction of nitric oxide synthase transcripts or production of NO2-/NO3- stimulated by interleukin-1 beta, whereas cycloheximide and actinomycin D completely inhibited the basal and stimulated NO2-/NO3- production. These data demonstrate for the first time that interleukin-1 beta induces gene expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and its de novo protein synthesis in rat vascular smooth muscle cells, thereby leading to generation of nitric oxide via Ca2+/calmodulin-independent and protein kinase C-independent mechanisms.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association