Biological role for the endothelin-A receptor in aortic cross-clamping.
The current study was undertaken to define a biological role for the endothelin-A receptor in a clinically relevant model of altered systemic and renal function produced by suprarenal aortic cross-clamping. This model is associated with profound systemic and renal vasoconstriction, acute renal failure, and a significant increase in circulating endothelin. Studies were performed in three groups of anesthetized mongrel dogs. Group 1 (n = 5) underwent aortic cross-clamping for 1 hour; group 2 (n = 5) underwent aortic cross-clamping for 1 hour in the presence of BQ-123, a specific antagonist of the endothelin-A receptor; group 3 (n = 4) received BQ-123 alone. The marked systemic and renal vasoconstriction associated with aortic cross-clamping in group 1 was markedly attenuated in group 2 in the presence of BQ-123. Unlike the vasoconstrictor response, BQ-123 did not attenuate the decrease in glomerular filtration rate associated with this model. Under unstimulated conditions in group 3, BQ-123 had no actions on systemic or renal hemodynamics. In conclusion, the current study demonstrates that the systemic and renal vasoconstriction associated with aortic cross-clamping are in part mediated through the interaction of endothelin and the endothelin-A receptor. This study demonstrates the functional importance of increased endogenous endothelin in the regulation of vascular tone in this pathophysiological state.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association